Makoy, commonly known as Kakamachi or Blacknight shade, belongs to the family Solanaceae and cultivated throughout the country in dry parts. It is a perennial shrub reaching to a height of 30 to 120 cm. The leaves are ovate to heart-shaped, with wavy or large-toothed edges. The flowers are greenish to whitish and the berry is dull black or purple-black in color. It is widely used in Ayurveda for its anti-nociceptive, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, anticonvulsant, antioxidant, anti-Hyperlipidemic, hepatoprotective, cytoprotective, antimicrobial, larvicidal, diuretic, antispasmodic, CNS depressant, anti-ulcerogenic, antihyperglycemic, immunomodulator, anti- proliferative (cancer preventive), anti-angiogenic activities. It is used for the treatment of various skin disorders, edema, inflammation, liver disorders, anaemia, jaundice, wound healing, heart diseases, diabetes, ascitis, vitiligo, diarrhoea, emesis, fever, gout. It is also considered as a rejuvenator.
- Rasa (taste): Tikta, Kashaya, Katu (Bitter, Astringent, Pungent)
- Veerya (nature): Ushna (Hot)
- Vipaka (taste developed through digestion): Katu (Pungent)
- Guna (qualities):Laghu, Snigdha (Light, Unctuous)
- Doshas (effect on humors): Balances all three doshas
Makoy (Solanum nigrum) Extract Alkaloids 1% by Gravimetry
Common Name Makoy Botanical Name Solanum nigrum Standardization Alkaloids 1% Test Method Gravimetry Part Used Whole Plant Application Liver Health Managment