Boerhaavia diffusa, commonly known as ‘Punarnava’ or ‘Hogweed’, belongs to the family Nyctaginaceae. It is widely dispersed, occurring throughout India, the Pacific, and Southern United States. It is a perennial diffuse herb having horizontal purple stem. Leaves are broadly ovate with slightly rounded or pointed apex and rounded base. Punarnava has a single, thick deep penetrating tap root bearing few rootlets occasionally brown. Stems are creeping, arising from root stock, swollen at the nodes. Punarnava has diuretic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial & antioxidant properties which shows good results in renal disorders. It is beneficial for treating chronic kidney diseases, urinary tract infections and kidney stones. Hepatotonic & hepatoprotective properties of Punarnava help to stimulate bile secretion, keep the liver healthy and improve liver functions. It is useful in treating jaundice, ascites & other liver disorders. Punarnava also has antistress, adaptogenic & immunomodulatory effects. It also has hypoglycemic properties. It helps to control glucose level and also increases the plasma insulin level. Therefore, Punarnava can be used as an anti-diabetic as well. It is a potent expectorant as it promotes mucous removal from bronchial tubes and hence beneficial in treating Asthma.
- Rasa (taste): Madhura, Tikta, kashaya (Sweet, Bitter, Astringent)
- Veerya (nature): Ushna (Hot)
- Vipaka (taste developed through digestion): Katu (Pungent)
- Guna (qualities):Laghu, Ruksha (Light, Dry)
- Doshas (effect on humors): Balances Vata, Kapha & Pitta
Puneranava (Boerhavia diffusa) Extract Bitters 1.5% by Gravimetry
Common Name Puneranava Botanical Name Boerhavia diffusa Standardization Bitters 1.5% Test Method Gravimetric Part Used Whole Plant Application Liver Health Managment