Vijaysar, commonly known as Malabar kino, belongs to the family Fabaceae. It is native to India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. It is a medium to large, deciduous tree growing to a maximum height of 30 m. The trunk of Vijaysar is smoky, bearing vertical slits & it produces red gum. The leaves have wavy margins & the flowers are yellowish in colour. It has anti-diabetic, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial properties. In Ayurveda, it is extensively used in the treatment of diabetes, obesity, diarrhoea, vitiligo, eczema etc.
The active ingredient in vijaysar is isoliquiritigenin & liquiritigenin which reduces glucose absorption from gastro-intestinal tract & improves the level of insuline & proinsulin. Thus, it effectively maintains the blood glucose levels. It also shows hypocholesterolemic effects.
- Rasa (taste): Kashay, Tikta (Astringent, bitter)
- Veerya (nature):Sheeta (Cold)
- Vipaka (taste developed through digestion): Katu (Pungent)
- Guna (qualities):Laghu, Ruksha (Light,Dry)
- Doshas (effect on humors): Pacifies Pitta & Kapha
Vijaysar (Pterocarpus marsupium) Extract Saponins 10% by Gravimetry
Common Name Vijaysar Botanical Name Pterocarpus marsupium Standardization Saponins 10% Test Method Gravimetry Part Used Hard Wood Application Diabetes Management & Carbohydrate Metabolism